Chapter 7
General characteristics of GMPEs for intensity measures other than PGA and elastic spectral ordinates

The following table is an updated and extended version of Table 1 of Douglas (2012), where: AI is Arias intensity, CAV is cumulative absolute velocity, FSA is Fourier spectral amplitudes, IE is maximum absolute unit elastic input energy [often expressed in terms of equivalent velocity (Chapman1999)], ISO is inelastic response spectral ordinates, JMA is Japanese Meterological Agency seismic intensity, MI is macroseismic intensity (these models are often now as intensity prediction equations), MP is mean period (Rathje et al.2004), PGV is peak ground velocity, PGD is peak ground displacement, RSD is relative significant duration and VH is vertical-to-horizontal response spectral ratio. For consistency with the rest of this report only empirical models are listed [Table 1 of Douglas (2012) included hybrid and simulation-based models as well as empirical GMPEs].

Table 7.1: Characteristics of GMPEs for AI, CAV, FSA, ISO, JMA, MI, MP, PGV, PGD and RSD
4 vertical models
Adjusts model of Allen et al. (2012) using data from 6 Mw 5.5 earthquakes
















Reference

Area

H

V

E

Mmin

Mmax

M scale

rmin

rmax

r scale

S

C

R

M

IM

















Esteva and Rosenblueth (1964)

W. USA

46*

-

U

U

U

U

15*

450*

rhypo

1

U

U

A

PGV, MI

















Orphal and Lahoud (1974)

California

140

-

31

4.1

7.0

ML

15

350

rhypo

1

U

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Nazarov and Shebalin (1975)

Kazakhstan & Kirgizstan

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Trifunac and Brady (1975a),Trifunac (1976a) & Trifunac and Brady (1976)

W. USA

181

181

57

3.8

7.7

Mostly ML

61*

4002*

repi

3

B

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Trifunac and Brady (1975b)

W. USA

188

188

48

3.8

7.7

Mostly ML

6*

400*

repi

3

B

O

A

AI, RSD

















Trifunac (1976b)

W. USA

182

182

46

3.8

7.7

Mostly ML

6*

400*

repi

3

B

O

A

FSA

















McGuire (1977)

W. USA

34

-

22

5.3

7.6

ML

14

125

rhypo

1

B

U

A

PGV, PGD

















Dobry et al. (1978)

W. USA

84

-

14

4.7

7.6

ML

0.1

130

rrup

2

B

1

A

RSD

















McGuire (1978a)

W. USA

70

-

17+*

4.5*

7.7

U3

11*

210*

rhypo

2

B

U

A

PGV, PGD

















McGuire (1978b)

W. USA

70

-

17+*

4.5*

7.7

U4

11*

210*

rhypo

1

B

U

A

FSA

















Sadigh et al. (1978a)

W. USA

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Trifunac and Lee (1978)

W. N. America

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

repi

3

U

U

A

FSA

















McGuire and Barnhard (1979)

W. USA

50

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

rrup (repi for some)

2

B

1

A

RSD

















Cornell et al. (1979)

W. USA

70

-

U

U

U

ML

U

U

rhypo

1

C

U

A

PGV, PGD, FSA

















Bĺth (1980)

Sweden

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Goto et al. (1981)

Japan

84

-

28

4.3*

7.8*

U5

11*

300*

repi

1, C

L

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Joyner and Boore (1981)

W. N. America

182

-

23

5.0

7.7

Mw (ML)

0.5

370

rjb

2

L

2

A

PGV

















Campbell (1984) & K.W. Campbell (1988)6

Worldwide

U

-

U

5

U

ML for M < 6.0 and Ms otherwise

U

<50

rseis

2

M

U

A (S, R)

PGV

















Joyner and Fumal (1984) and Joyner and Fumal (1985)

W. N. America

182

-

23

5.0

7.7

Mw (ML)

0.5

370

rjb

C

L

2

A

PGV

















Kamiyama (1984)

Japan

192

-

U

4.1

7.9

MJMA

10

310

repi

I

B

1

A

RSD

















Kawashima et al. (1984) & Kawashima et al. (1986)

Japan

197

-

90

5.0

7.9

MJMA

5*

550*

repi

3

R

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Erdik et al. (1985)

Turkey

U

-

114

5.1

7.75

U

U

U

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Trifunac and Lee (1985a)

W. N. America

438

438

104

U

U

U

U

U

rhypo

3, C

U

U

A

FSA

















Wilson and Keefer (1985)

W. USA

30

-

20

5.0

7.4

Mw

6

130

rjb

1

A

1

A

AI

















Woo (1985)

UK

U

-

U

U

U

Ms

U

U

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Jibson (1987)

W. USA

31

-

21

5.0

7.4

Mw

6

130

rjb

1

A

1

A

AI

















Gaull (1988)

S.W. W. Australia

25+

-

12+

2.6

6.9

ML

2.5

175

rhypo

1

U

O

A

PGV

















Hiehata et al. (1988)

3 sites in Tokyo

85

-

27*

4.2*

7.5*

MJMA

40*

400*

rhypo

1

B7

1

A

FSA

















Huo (1989)

W. USA & S. China

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

1

G

1

A

PGV

















Sewell (1989)

California + 7 other events

112

-

24

5.0

7.7

Mw (ML, Ms)

0.6

211

rjb (repi for some)

2

C

2

A

ISO

















Campbell (1990)

Unknown

U

-

U

U

U

ML for M < 6, Ms for M 6

U

U

rseis

1

U

U

A

PGV

















Gaull et al. (1990)

SE Australia

U

-

U

U

U

Ms

U

U

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Niazi and Bozorgnia (1991)

SMART-1 array, Taiwan

236

234

12

3.6

7.8

ML (MD) for ML < 6.6, else Ms

3.18

119.78

rhypo

1

M

2W

A

PGV, PGD

















Dowrick (1992)

New Zealand

U

-

30

5.0

7.8

Mw (ML, Ms)

U

U

rc

1

-

1

A

MI

















Kamiyama et al. (1992) & Kamiyama (1995)

Japan

357

-

82

4.1

7.9

MJMA

3.4

413.3

rhypo

I

B

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Theodulidis and Papazachos (1992)

Greece+16 foreign

105+169

-

36+4

4.5 (7.2)

7.0 (7.5)

Ms, Mw, MJMA

1 (48)

128 (236)

repi

2

B

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Midorikawa (1993a)

Japan

U

-

U

6.5

7.8

Mw

U

U

rrup

C

M

1

A

PGV

















Benouar (1994)

Atlas Mountains

123

-

32

4.2

7.45

Ms

U

U

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Lee et al. (1995)

W. N. America

1926

1926

297

1.7

7.7

Usually ML for M 6.5 and Ms for M > 6.5

2

200+

rhypo

9, 3 × C

U

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Molas and Yamazaki (1995)

Japan

2166

-

387

4.1*

7.8*

MJMA

8*

1000*

rrup for 2 earthquakes, rhypo otherwise

I

L

O

A

PGV

















Abrahamson and Silva (1996)

California with some others

U

U

U

4.7

7.4

Mw

0.1

220*

rrup

2

G

1M

A

RSD

















Ambraseys and Simpson (1996) & Simpson (1996)

Worldwide shallow crustal

90–113

90–113

U–34

6.0

7.6

Ms

0

15

rjb

1

L

1

A, R, S

VH

















Musson and Winter (1996)

UK

U

-

U

U

U

ML

U

U

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Sabetta and Pugliese (1996)

Italy

95

95

17

4.6

6.8

Ms if ML & Ms 5.5 else ML

1.5, 1.5

179, 18010

Both rjb & repi

3

L

1

A

PGV, AI

















Singh et al. (1996)

Himalayas

86

-

5

5.7

7.2

mb

33.15

340.97

rhypo

1

U

1

A

PGV

















Atkinson and Silva (1997)

California

1000

-

43

4.4

7.4

Mw

1*

200*

rrup

2

G

O

A

FSA

















Bakun and Wentworth (1997, 1999)

Cen. California

4344

-

22

4.4

6.9

Mw (ML)

0*

600*

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Campbell (1997), Campbell (2000), Campbell (2001) & Campbell and Bozorgnia (1994)

Worldwide

645

225

H:47, V:26

4.7

H:8.0, V:8.1

Mw

3

60

rseis

3

G

1

A(S,R,N)

PGV

















Gregor and Bolt (1997)

California

110

110

12

5.4

7.2

Mw

6*

200*

rslip

2

T, V

1

R, S

PGD

















Kayen and Mitchell (1997)

W. USA

66

-

U

U

U

Mw

1*

100*

rrup

3

G

1

A

AI

















Shabestari and Yamazaki (1997)

Japan

2166

-

387

4.1*

7.8

MJMA

U

U

rrup

1

V

2

A

JMA

















Rathje et al. (1998)

California

306

-

20

5.7

7.3

Mw

0.5*

200*

rrup

2

O

1M

A

MP

















Rinaldis et al. (1998)

Italy & Greece

137*

-

24*

4.5

7

Ms or Mw

7

138

repi

2

U

O

A (N, ST)

PGV

















Sadigh and Egan (1998)

California with 4 foreign

960+4

-

119+2

3.8

7.4

Mw

0.1

30511

rrup for some, rhypo for small ones

2

G

U

A(R,SN)

PGV, PGD

















Sarma and Srbulov (1998)

Worldwide

69012

-

113

3.9

7.7

Ms (U)

0

197

rjb, repi

2

B

1

A

AI

















Somerville (1998)

15 mainly W. USA+12 simulated

27

-

13

6.2

7.5

Mw

0.1

10

rrup

1

N

1

A

PGV

















Theodulidis et al. (1998)

Kozani-Grevena (Greece)

23213

-

>23

3.1

6.6

Mw

1

140*

repi

1

B

O

A

PGV

















Chapman (1999)

W. N. America

304

-

23

5.0

7.7

Mw

0.1

189.4

rjb

3

G

2M

A

PGV, IE

















Dowrick and Rhoades (1999)

New Zealand

U

-

85

5.0

8.2

Mw

4*

450*

rc

1

-

1

A (S, R, N)

MI

















Jiménez et al. (1999)

Portugal

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

1

-

1

A

MI

















Ólafsson and Sigbjörnsson (1999)

Iceland

8814

-

17

4.0

5.9

Mw

2

112

repi

1

B

1

A

RSD

















Alavi and Krawinkler (2000)

15 mainly W USA+12 simulated

27

-

13

6.2

7.5

Mw

0.1

10

rrup

1

N

1

A

PGV

















Bommer et al. (2000)

Europe & Middle East

183

-

43

5.5

7.9

Ms

3

260

rjb

3

L

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Ambraseys and Douglas (2000), Douglas (2001a) & Ambraseys and Douglas (2003)

Worldwide

186

183

44

5.83

7.8

Ms

0

15

rjb

3; 1

L

1

A; A, N, R, S

IE; VH

















Hernandez and Cotton (2000)

Italy & California

27215

-

40*

3.2

7.4

ML for M < 6, Ms otherwise

1

109

rrup

2

B

1

A

RSD

















Musson (2000)

Turkey

U

-

U

U

U

Ms

U

U

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Paciello et al. (2000)

Greece & Italy

115

-

18

4.5

U

Mw or Ms

U

U

repi

2

B

1

A (N)

PGV, PGD, AI

















Si and Midorikawa (1999, 2000)

Japan

856

-

21

5.8

8.3

Mw

0*

280*

Both rq & rrup

2

L

O

A

PGV

















Hinzen and Oemisch (2001)

N Rhine area

4375

-

14

2.9

5.9

ML

0*

675*

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Wu et al. (2001)

Taiwan

1941

-

60

4.8

7.6

Mw (ML)

0.05*

400*

rrup (repi for some)

1 & I

U

U

A

PGV

















Chandler and Lam (2002)

S China

264

-

76

3.3

8.0

Mw (ML)

1.9

289

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Gregor et al. (2002a)

Shallow crustal worldwide (mainly California)

993

993

68

4.4

7.4

Mw

0.1

267.3

rrup

2

U

1M

A (S, R/O, T)

PGV, PGD

















Margaris et al. (2002b) & Margaris et al. (2002a)

Greece

744

-

142

4.5

7.0

Mw

1

150

repi

3

B

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Tromans and Bommer (2002)

Europe

249

-

51

5.5

7.9

Ms

1

359

rjb

3

L

2

A

PGV, PGD

















Zonno and Montaldo (2002)

Umbria-Marche

161

-

15

4.5

5.9

ML

2*

100*

repi

2

L

2

N, O

PGV, AI

















Bakun et al. (2003)

E N America

14198

-

28

3.7

7.3

Mw

0*

2000*

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Boatwright et al. (2003)

N California

4028

-

104

3.3

7.1

Mainly Mw, ML for some

1*

370*

rhypo

4

U

O

A

PGV

















Skarlatoudis et al. (2003)

Greece

1000

-

225

4.5

7.0

Mw (ML)

1.5*

150*

repi

2

U

O

A (N, ST)

PGV, PGD

















Travasarou et al. (2003)

Mainly W USA

1208

-

75

4.7

7.6

Mw

0.1*

200*

rrup

3

A

1M

A (N, R)

AI

















Zaré and Memarian (2003)

Iran

470

-

U

3.0

7.4

Mixed scales

U

U

repi

1, 2

-

1

A

MI

















Atkinson (2004)

SE Canada & NE USA

U

1700

186

2.1*

5.1*

m1

7*

2000*

rhypo

1

G

1M

A

FSA

















Bozorgnia and Campbell (2004b)

Worldwide

443

439

3616

4.7

7.7

Mw

2*

60*

rseis

4

G

1

A (S & N, R, T)

VH

















Bray and Rodriguez-Marek (2004)

Worldwide

54

-

13

6.1

7.6

Mw

0.1

17.6

rrup

2

N

1M

A

PGV

















Horike and Nishimura (2004)

Japan

U

-

U

U

U

MJMA

U

U

rhypo

U

U

1

A

PGV

















Hwang et al. (2004)

Chi-Chi (Taiwan)

22117

-

4

6.2

7.7

Mw

U

U

rjb

1

A

2M

A

AI

















Kalkan and Gülkan (2004a)

Turkey

96–100

96–100

47

4.2

7.4

Mw (unspecified scales)

1.2

250

rjb, repi for small events

3

L

1

A

VH

















Lin and Lee (2004)

Taiwan

U

-

41

U

U

U

U

U

rrup

1

U

1

A

AI

















Mezcua et al. (2004)

Iberia

375

-

5

4.8

7.9

Mw

0*

U

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Midorikawa and Ohtake (2004)

Japan

3335

-

33

5.5

8.3

Mw

0*

300*

rrup

2

L

1

A (C, B, F)

PGV

















Moradi et al. (2004)

Iran

U

-

22

U

U

Ms

U

U

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Pankow and Pechmann (2004) and Pankow and Pechmann (2006)

Worldwide extensional regimes

142

-

39

5.1

7.2

Mw

0

99.4

rjb

2

G, O

1M

NS

PGV

















Rathje et al. (2004)

Worldwide shallow crustal

835

-

44

4.9

7.6

Mw

0.1*

200*

rrup

3

O

1M

A

MP

















Atkinson (2005)

Cascadia

-

U

U

2.5*

6.2*

m1

20*

600*

rhypo

1

G

1M

C, B, F

FSA

















Bragato and Slejko (2005)

E Alps (45.646.8N & 1214E)

1402

3168

240

2.5

6.3

ML

0

130

rjb & repi

1

R

O

A

PGV, AI, FSA

















Dowrick and Rhoades (2005)

New Zealand

U

-

89

4.6 (5.2 for B)

8.2 (7.3 for B)

Mw

1*

450*

rc

1

-

1

A (S, R, N), B

MI

















Frisenda et al. (2005)

NW Italy

689918

-

>1152

0.0*

5.119

ML

0

30020

rhypo

2

B

1

A

PGV

















García et al. (2005)

Central Mexico

277

277

16

5.2

7.4

Mw

4*

400*

rrup for Mw > 6.5, rhypo otherwise

1

G21

1M

B

PGV

















Gong and Xie (2005)

California

266

-

15

5.6*

7.4*

Mw

0*

120*

rjb

3

G

2M

A

IE

















Kostov (2005)

Europe & Middle East

967

-

U

4

7.8

Ms

2*

401*

rhypo

1

U

1

A

CAV

















Liu and Tsai (2005)

Taiwan

7907

7907

51

4.05

7.10

Mw (ML)

5*

300*

rhypo

1

M

2M

A

PGV

















McGarr and Fletcher (2005)

Central Utah coal-mining areas

72

-

12

0.98

4.2

Mw (MCL)

0.5*

10*

rhypo

2

L

2M

M

PGV

















Musson (2005)

UK

727

-

U

U

U

ML

U

U

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Tselentis et al. (2005)

Greece

U

-

U

U

U

Mw

U

U

repi

U

A

1M

A

AI

















Wald et al. (2005)

California

U

-

U

U

5.3*

Mw

U

U

rjb

1

L

U

A

PGV

















Bakun (2006a)

S California

3234

-

13

5.6

7.1

Mw

0*

550*

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Bakun (2006b)

Basin & Range, USA

U

-

9

6.1

7.3

Mw

0*

600*

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Bindi et al. (2006)

Umbria-Marche

239

-

45

4.0

5.9

ML

1*

100*

repi & rhypo

4

L

1M

NS

PGV

















Bakun and Scotti (2006)

N France, S France

13996, 4373

-

15, 11

4*

5.5*

Mw

0*

400*

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Faccioli and Cauzzi (2006)

Europe & Middle East

75

-

26

3.8

6.9

Mw (ML)

1.5

71

rjb (repi for Mw < 5.5)

1

-

1

A

MI

















Gómez-Soberón et al. (2006)

Mexico

1983

-

109

4.5*

8.1*

Mw (Ms if M > 6, mb if M < 6)

5*

800*

rhypo (rrup for some)

1

U

2

F

PGD

















Hwang (2006)

Taiwan

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

1

A

AI

















Jaimes et al. (2006)

Ciudad Universitaria station, Mexico City

21

-

21

6.0

8.1

Mw

285

530

rrup

1

U

1B

F

FSA

















Kanno et al. (2006)

Japan+some foreign

3392+377 (shallow) & 8150 (deep)

-

73+10 & 111

5.0* (6.1) & 5.5*

8.2* (7.4) & 8.0*

Mw (MJMA)

1* (1.5*) & 30*

450* (350*) & 450*

rrup (rhypo for some)

C

R

2M

A

PGV

















Kataoka et al. (2006)

Japan

5160

-

47

4.8*

6.9*

Mw

1*

200*

U

1

U

U

C

PGV, JMA

















Kempton and Stewart (2006)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1559

-

73

5.0*

7.6*

Mw

0*

200*

rrup

C

G

1M

A

RSD

















Pousse et al. (2006)

Japan

939022

-

U

4.1

7.3

(Mw)

5*

250*

rhypo (rrup for some)

5

B

2M

A

AI, RSD

















Stafford (2006) & Stafford et al. (2006)

New Zealand + foreign

265–484

-

59–93

5*

7.4*

Mw

0.3*

300*

rrup

3

G

1M

A (S/N, R)

FSA

















Akkar and Bommer (2007b)

Europe & Middle East

532

-

131

5.0

7.6

Mw

0

99

rjb

3

G

1WM

A (N, S, R)

PGV

















Amiri et al. (2007a) & Amiri et al. (2007b)

Alborz and central Iran23

200*

200*

50*

4.5*

7.3*

Ms (mb)

5*

400*

rhypo

2

L

1

A

PGV

















Atkinson and Wald (2007)

California, Cen. E US

U

-

U

2.4*, 2.0*

7.8*, 7.8*

Mw

2*, 7*

500*, 1000*

rrup

1

-

1M

A

MI

















Bindi et al. (2007)

NW Turkey

4047

4047

528

0.5

5.9

ML24

5*

200*

rhypo25

2

L

1M

A

PGV

















Boore and Atkinson (2007) & Boore and Atkinson (2008)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1574

-

58

4.2726

7.9027

Mw

0

28028

rjb

C

I50

2M

A (N, R, S, U)

PGV

















Campbell and Bozorgnia (2007), Campbell and Bozorgnia (2008b) & Campbell and Bozorgnia (2008a)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1561

-

64

4.2729

7.9030

Mw

0.07

199.27

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

PGV, PGD

















Danciu and Tselentis (2007a), Danciu and Tselentis (2007b) & Danciu (2006)

Greece

335

-

151

4.5

6.9

Mw

0*

136

repi

3

A

1M

A (ST, N)

PGV, PGD, AI, IE

















Fukushima et al. (2007a)

Japan

8615

-

158

5.0

6.8

MJMA

18.1

448.4

rrup

1

V

1

A

PGV

















Mahdavifar et al. (2007)

Alborz and central Iran

22

-

19

U

U

U

U

U

rhyp

1

U

1

A

AI

















Abrahamson and Silva (2008) & Abrahamson and Silva (2009)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2754

-

135

4.2731

7.932

Mw

0.06*

200*

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

PGV

















Al-Qaryouti (2008)

Dead Sea area

26

-

19

4.0

6.2

ML

5.8

330.6

repi

1

L

2

A

PGV

















Chen (2008)

China, Taiwan and Japan

249

249

55

4.2

7.6

Mw (ML, Ms)

10 & 12

153 & 153

repi & rhypo

2

G & L

2

A

PGV

















Chiou and Youngs (2008)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1950

-

125

4.26533

7.9034

Mw

0.2*35

70*36

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S, HW, AS)

PGV

















Jin et al. (2008)

Fujian (China)

1974

1974

94

2.8

4.9

ML

13

462

repi

1

U

O

A

PGV

















Massa et al. (2008)

Northern Italy

306

306

82

3.5 & 4.0

6.3 & 6.5

Mw (ML) & ML

1*

100*

repi

3

L

1M

A

PGV, AI

















Mezcua et al. (2008)

Spain

250

-

149

3.1

5.3

Mw (mb(Lg))

5*

100*

rhypo

1

U

1

A

PGV

















Pasolini et al. (2008)

Italy

21932

-

470*

4.4*

7.4*

Mw

0*

300*

repi

1

-

O

A

MI

















Snćbjörnsson and Sigbjörnsson (2008)

Europe & Middle East

71

-

13

5.0*

7.6*

Mw

0*

100*

rjb

1

U

1

SS

RSD

















Bindi et al. (2009a)

Italy

241

241

27

4.8

6.9

Mw

0

190

rjb (repi for small)

3

L, G

1M

A (N, S, R)

PGV

















Bindi et al. (2009b)

Italy

235

-

27

4.6

6.9

Mw (ML)

0

183

rjb, repi

3

L

1M

A

PGV

















Bommer et al. (2009)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2406

-

114

4.8

7.9

Mw

1.5*

100*

rrup

C

B

O

A

RSD

















Lee (2009), Lee and Green (2008) & Lee and Green (2014)

W. USA37

324

324

49

5.0

7.6

Mw

0.1

199.1

rrup

2

A

1M

A

AI, MP, RSD

















Rupakhety and Sigbjörnsson (2009)

South Iceland+others

64+29

-

12

5.02

7.67

Mw

1

97

rjb (repi for some)

2

L

1

S/O

ISO

















Sřrensen et al. (2009)

Marmara Sea, Turkey

121195

-

7

5.9

7.4

Mw

0*

350*

rjb, repi

1

-

1W

A

MI

















Stafford et al. (2009)

New Zealand + foreign

144+241 & 144+200

-

23+41

5.08

7.51

Mw

0.07

300

rjb & rrup

3

L, O, G, A

1M

A (S/N, R)

AI

















Akkar and Bommer (2010)

Europe & Middle East

532

-

131

5.0

7.6

Mw

0

99

rjb

3

G

1M

A (N, S, R)

PGV

















Akkar and Çağnan (2010)

Turkey

433

-

137

5.0

7.6

Mw

0*

200*

rjb

C

G

1M

A (N, S, R)

PGV

















Amiri et al. (2009)

Alborz and central Iran38

416

-

189

3.239

7.7

Ms (mb)

5*

400*

rhypo

2

L

1M

A

AI

















Beauval et al. (2010)

Sierra of Ecuador

453

-

4

5.3

7.1

Mw

10*

200*

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Bindi et al. (2010)

Italy

561

561

107

4.0

6.9

Mw

1*

100*

rjb, repi

3

L

1M

A

PGV

















Bozorgnia et al. (2010)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1561

-

64

4.27

7.90

Mw

0.07

199.27

rrup

C

G

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

ISO

















Campbell and Bozorgnia (2011) & Campbell and Bozorgnia (2010a)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1561

-

64

4.27

7.90

Mw

0.07

199.27

rrup

C

G

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

JMA

















Campbell and Bozorgnia (2010b) & Campbell and Bozorgnia (2010a)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1561

-

64

4.27

7.90

Mw

0.07

199.27

rrup

C

G

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

CAV

















Chiou et al. (2010)40

S & N California

15684

-

U

3*

6*

Mw

5*

200*

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S, HW, AS)

PGV

















Iervolino et al. (2010)

Italy

95

-

17

4.6

6.8

Mw

1.5, 1.5

179, 180

rjb & repi

3

L

1

A

PGV, AI

















Rajabi et al. (2010)

Zagros, Iran

37

-

35

4.1

7.0

Mw

5

150

repi

1, 3 & 4

L

1

A

AI

















Sřrensen et al. (2010a)

Campania, Italy

2985

-

9

6.3

7.0

Mw

0*

650*

rjb, repi

1

-

1W

A

MI

















Sřrensen et al. (2010b)

Vrancea, Romania

4058

-

5

6.4

7.7

Mw

0*

550*

rjb, repi, rrup

1

-

1W

A

MI

















Szeliga et al. (2010)

India

U

-

29

4*

8*

Mw (mb)

7*

2000*

rhypo

1

-

1M

A

MI

















Boore and Atkinson (2007) & Boore and Atkinson (2008) modified by Atkinson and Boore (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1574

-

58

4.27

7.9041

Mw

0

28042

rjb

C

I50

2M

A (N, R, S, U)

PGV

















Alavi et al. (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2252

-

U

5.1*

7.9*

Mw

0.2*

350*

rrup

C

U

O

A (Rake)

PGV, PGD

















Anderson and Uchiyama (2011)

Guerrero, Mexico

293

293

27

5.05

7.96

Mw

10*

390*

rrup

1

M, V, V3

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Bindi et al. (2011b)

Central Asia

6000*

-

66

4.6

8.3

Ms

0.1*

600*

repi, rhypo, rjb

1

-

1

A

MI

















Bommer et al. (2011)

Europe & Middle East

1267

1267

392

4.5

7.6

Mw

0

100*

rjb

3

G

1M

A (N, R, S)

VH

















De Luca et al. (2011) & De Luca (2011)

Italy

725

-

U

4.1

6.9

Mw

0

200

rjb

5

G

1M

A

ISO

















Emolo et al. (2011)

Campania-Lucania, Italy

875

-

123

1.5

3.2

ML

3

100*

rhypo

2

L

1

A

PGV

















Ghanat (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2690

-

129

4.8

7.9

Mw

0.2*

200*

rrup

C

G

1M

A

RSD

















Ghosh and Mahajan (2011)

NW Himalaya

U

-

10

4.3

7.8

Ms

10*

2000*

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Gülerce and Abrahamson (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2684

2684

127

4.2743

7.944

Mw

0.06*

200*

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S)

VH

















Luzi et al. (2011)

Italy

U

-

U

4.0*

6.9*

Mw

0*

300*

rjb (repi for Mw < 5.5), rhypo

5

G

1M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Rupakhety et al. (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

93

-

29

5.56

7.6

Mw

0

74.16

rjb

1

N

1M

A

PGV

















Allen et al. (2012)

Worldwide shallow crustal

13077

-

U

5.0

7.9

Mw

5*

315

rhypo & rrup

C

-

1

A

MI

















Cui et al. (2012)

Sichuan-Yunnan (China)

962

-

>21

4.5

6.5

Ms

0*

110*

repi

2

G

1, 1W

A

PGV

















Foulser-Piggott and Stafford (2012)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2406

-

114

4.79

7.9

Mw

0.07

100

rrup

C

A

1M

A (S/N, R)

AI

















Gómez-Bernal et al. (2012)

Mexico

607

607

1745

6.0

8.1

Mw

20*

600*

rrup

1

L

2

A (F, B, C)

PGV, AI

















Lee et al. (2012)

Taiwan

6570

-

62

3.93

7.62

Mw

0.3

205

rrup

C

A

1M

A (S, N, R)

AI

















Mohammadnejad et al. (2012)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2252

-

U

5.2

7.9

Mw

0.07

366.03

rrup

C

I50

O

A (R, S, N)

PGV, PGD

















Nguyen et al. (2012)

Northern Vietnam

330

-

53

1.6

4.6

ML

5*

500*

repi

1

L3

1

A

PGV

















Saffari et al. (2012)

Iran

351

-

78

5.0

7.4

Mw

4

190*

rrup (rhypo for Mw < 6.5)

3

U

2M

A

PGV

















Abrahamson et al. (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

15750

-

326

3

7.946

Mw

0

300

rrup + others for HW

C

D50

1M

A (S, N, R, HW)

PGV

















Boore et al. (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

15000*

-

350*

3.0

7.947

Mw

0

400

rjb

C

D50

2M

A (S, N, R, U)

PGV

















Campbell and Bozorgnia (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

15521

-

322

3.048

7.949

Mw

0*

300*

rrup

C

D50

1M

A (S, R, N, HW)

PGV

















Chiou and Youngs (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

12244

-

300

3.1*50

7.9*51

Mw

0.3*

400*52

rrup

C

D50

1M

A (S, R, N, HW)

PGV

















Douglas et al. (2013)

Mainly geothermally-related

3968

-

535

1*

4*

Mw (ML, MD)

0*

20*

rhypo

1

G

1M

G

PGV

















Du and Wang (2013)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1390

-

62

4.26

7.9

Mw

0.07

200

rrup

3

G

1M

A (N, R, S)

CAV

















Ghosh and Mahajan (2013)

NW Himalaya

U

-

10

4.3

7.8

Ms

0*

1600*

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Idriss (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2353

-

151

4.553

7.954

Mw

0.2

175

rrup

C

D50

1

A

PGV

















Morikawa and Fujiwara (2013)

Japan

21681

-

333

5.5

9.0

Mw

1*

200

rrup

C

V

2W

A (C, B, F)

PGV

















Musson (2013)

UK

446

-

161

2.5*

4.3*

Mw

U

U

rhypo

1

-

1

A

MI

















Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (2013)

Worldwide shallow crustal

-

Mw

4 vertical models

C

V

1M

A (N, S, R, HW)

PGV

















Segou and Voulgaris (2013)

Europe & Middle East

327

-

164

4.1

6.6

Mw (mb)

1*

150*

repi

3

I50

O

A (S, R, N)

PGV

















Sharma et al. (2013)

Geysers, N. California

5451

-

212

1.3

3.3

Mw (MD)

0.5

20

rhypo

3

L

1M

G

PGV

















Skarlatoudis et al. (2013)

Hellenic Arc (Greece)

743

-

21

4.4

6.7

Mw (mb, ML)

65*

850*

rhyp

3

D50

1M

F, B

PGV

















Villalobos-Escobar and Castro (2013)

Medellěn and Aburrŕ Valley (Colombia)

596

-

17

2.8

6.5

ML

10*

290

repi

I

U

1M

A

PGV

















Akkar et al. (2014b,c)

Europe & Middle East

1041

-

221

4.0

7.655

Mw

0

200

rjb, repi & rhypo

C

G

1M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Akkar et al. (2014a)

Europe & Middle East

1041

-

221

4.0

7.656

Mw

0

200

rjb

C

G

1M

A (S, N, R)

VH

















Ansary (2014)

Himalaya, India

R: 229, S: 187

-

150*

2.5*

7.8

U

2*

2000*

rhyp

2

U

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Atkinson et al. (2014b)

California, Cen. E USA

U

-

U

4*

7.5*

Mw

1*

400*

repi

1

-

1M

A

MI

















Bindi et al. (2014a,b)

Europe & Middle East

1224, 2126

-

225, 365

4.0

7.6

Mw

0

300

rjb (repi for Mw 5 and repi 10) & rhypo

C, 4

G

1M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Bora et al. (2014)

Europe & Middle East

1232

-

369

4.0

7.6

Mw

0*

200*

rjb

C

G

1M

A

FSA

















Boyd and Cramer (2014)

Cen. & E USA

21398*

-

1143

2.5*

7.2*

Mw

0*

1500*

rhypo

1

-

O

A

MI

















Cheng et al. (2014) & Cheng (2013)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1550

-

63

4.26

7.9

Mw

0.1

199.3

rrup

C

G

1M

A (N, R, S)

IE

















Chousianitis et al. (2014)

Greece

13357

-

37

3.2

6.7

Mw

1

195

repi

4

L

2M

A (S/T, N)

AI

















Derras et al. (2014)

Europe & Middle East

1088

-

320

3.658

7.659

Mw

160

54761

rjb

C

G

O

A

PGV

















Foulser-Piggott and Goda (2014)

Japan

13703

-

158

5.5

9.0

Mw

2*

300*

rrup

C

G

1M

A (B)

AI, CAV

















Ghofrani and Atkinson (2014)

Japan

> 1000

-

6

7.0

9.0

Mw

30*

1000*

rrup

C

G

O

F

PGV

















Le Goff et al. (2014)

Mainland Portugal

-

25

4.4

6.2

Mw

5*

800*

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Rodríguez-Pérez (2014)

Cen. and S. Mexico

75 (F), 121 (B)

-

8 F, 25 B

5.1 (F), 5.0 (B)

8.0 (F), 7.2 (B)

Mw

50* (F), 70* (B)

580* (F), 540* (B)

rrup (rhypo for Mw < 6.5)

1

G

1M

F, B

PGV

















Yaghmaei-Sabegh et al. (2014)

Iran

286

-

141

3.7

7.7

Mw

0.6

294

rrup

4

G

1

A

RSD

















Atkinson (2015)

California

U

-

U

3*

6*

Mw

2*

40

rhypo

1

G

1M

A

PGV

















Bora et al. (2015)

Europe & Middle East

1232

-

369

4.0

7.6

Mw

0*

200*

rjb

C

G

1M

A

FSA

















Bozorgnia and Campbell (2016b)

Worldwide shallow crustal

-

15161

321

3.062

7.963

Mw

0*

500*64

rrup

C

V

1M

A (R, S, N)

PGV

















Bozorgnia and Campbell (2016a)

Worldwide shallow crustal

15521

15161

321–322

3.065

7.966

Mw

0*

500*67

rrup

C

D50

1M

A (R, S, N)

VH

















Cauzzi et al. (2015b)

Worldwide shallow active crustal

1880

-

98

4.5

7.9

Mw

0*

150*

rrup (rhypo for Mw 5.7)

C

G

2M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Emolo et al. (2015)

South Korea

11129

-

222

2.0

4.9

ML

1.4

600*

repi

I

L

1M

A

PGV, PGD

















Foulser-Piggott and Goda (2015)

Japan

68567

-

661

5.0

9.0

Mw

2*

300*

rrup

C

G

1M

A (R, S, N, F, B)

AI, CAV

















Jaimes et al. (2015)

Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City68

22

-

22

5.2

7.4

Mw

103

464

rrup for Mw > 6.5, rhypo for Mw 6.5

1

G

1B

B

PGV

















Kale et al. (2015)

Turkey & Iran

1198

-

313

4

7.669

Mw

0

200

rjb

C

G

1MW

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Kuehn and Scherbaum (2015)

Europe & Middle East

835

-

279

4.0

7.6

Mw

0

200

rjb

C

G

O

A (R, N, S)

PGV

















Leonard (2015)

Australia

MI

















Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (2015) — Al Noman and Cramer

Cen. and E. N. America + foreign

606170

-

7871

2.5

7.672

Mw

1*

2000*

rrup

C

D50

2M

A (R, S, U)

PGV

















Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (2015) — Graizer

Cen. and E. USA

5026

-

48

4.0

6.873

Mw

474

1000*

rrup

C

D50

O

A

PGV

















Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (2015) — Hollenback et al.

Cen. and E. USA

U

-

U

2.575

6.876

Mw

0

300

rrup

C

D50

O

A

FAS

















Ullah et al. (2015)

Central Asia

6000*

-

66

4.6

8.3

Ms

0.1*

600*

repi

1

-

1

A

MI

















Vacareanu et al. (2015a)

Vrancea, Romania

9718

-

6

6.0

7.7

Mw

0*

1000*

repi

1

-

1M

A

MI

















Yaghmaei-Sabegh (2015)

Iran

575

-

40

3.7

7.7

Mw

0.7

293

rjb

3

O

1

A

MP

















Afshari and Stewart (2016)

Worldwide shallow crustal

11195

-

3.0

7.9

Mw

0*

300*

rrup

C

G

1M

A (R, S, N, U)

RSD

















Alici and Sucuoğlu (2016)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1442

-

104

5.50

7.90

Mw

0.4

189.7

repi

2

G

1M

A (N, R, S)

IE

















Galluzzo et al. (2016)

Campi Flegrei, Italy

120*

-

20

0.8

2.4

Mw

1*

12

rhypo

1

L

1

A

PGV

















Ibrahim et al. (2016)

Japan

409

-

20

6.0

9.1

Mw

10* & 10*

300* & 550*

rrup & rq

1

V

2

A (C, F, B)

PGV, PGD

















Kaveh et al. (2016)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2252

-

U

5.2

7.9

Mw

0.07

360

rrup

C

U

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Kotha et al. (2016a,b)

Europe & Middle East

1251

-

U

4

7.6

Mw

0*

300*77

rjb (repi for some Mw 5)

C

G

O

A

PGV

















Lanzano et al. (2016)

Po Plain & NE Italy

2489

-

94

4.0

6.4

Mw

0*

200*

rjb

5

G

1M

A (R, N, U)

PGV

















Lee et al. (2016a)

Serbia (Vrancea events)

91

91

4

6.4

7.4

Mw

84.7

554.2

rhypo

1

B

1

A

FSA

















Nekooei and Babaei (2016)

Iran

484

-

25

4.5

7.4

Mw

1

149

rrup

C

L, G

1

A

PGV

















Shoushtari et al. (2016)

Malaysia, Japan and Iran

531

-

13

5.0

7.7

Mw

120*

1400*

rhypo

4

G

1

B

PGV

















Stewart et al. (2016)

Worldwide shallow crustal

-

17089

U

3

7.978

Mw

0

300

rjb

C

V

2M

A (R, S, N, U)

PGV

















Tusa and Langer (2016)

Mount Etna, Italy

1158 (shallow), 1957 (deep)

1158 (shallow), 1957 (deep)

38 (shallow), 53 (deep)

3.0

4.3 (shallow), 4.8 (deep)

ML

0.5

100

repi

3

G, V

1

A

PGV

















Çağnan et al. (2017a)

Europe & Middle East

-

1041

221

4.0

7.6

Mw

0

200

rjb

C

V

1M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Cameletti et al. (2017)

Italy

6723

-

1917

2

5.9

ML

U

U

rhypo

1

-

O

A

MI

















Du (2017)

Worldwide shallow crustal

8491

-

263

3.05

7.9

Mw

0.1

499.5

rrup

C

V

1M

A

MP

















Derras et al. (2017)

Japan

977

-

214

3.7

6.9

Mw

3.65

440.63

rjb

C × C

G

O

A

PGV

















García-Soto and Jaimes (2017)

Mexico (Pacific coast)

418

418

40

5.0

8.0

Mw

17

400

rrup for Mw > 6.5, rhypo otherwise

1

V

1M

F

PGV

















Gupta and Trifunac (2017)

W Himalaya & NE India

365

365

113

3.0

6.9

Ms or Mw for M 6.5 & mb, ML or Ms for M < 6.5

8*

500*

rhypo

9

B

1

A

FSA

















Haji-Soltani et al. (2017)

Gulf Coast (USA)

943

943

30

3.40

5.74

Mw

18*

1000*

rrup

C

D50

1M

A

VH

















Hassani et al. (2017)

Iran79

806

-

330

4.0

7.3

Mw (mb, Ms, ML)

1*

280*

repi

3

L

1M

A

ISO

















Oth et al. (2017)

Japan

118102

-

1905

2.7

7.2

Mw

0.8*

250

rhypo (rrup for Mw 6)

1

G

1M

A

JMA

















Sandikkaya and Akkar (2017)

Europe & Middle East

1041

-

221

4.0

7.6

Mw

0

200

rjb, repi & rhypo

C

G

1M

A (S, N, R)

AI, CAV, RSD