Chapter 7
General characteristics of GMPEs for intensity measures other than PGA and elastic spectral ordinates

The following table is an updated and extended version of Table 1 of Douglas (2012), where: AI is Arias intensity, CAV is cumulative absolute velocity, FSA is Fourier spectral amplitudes, ISO is inelastic response spectral ordinates, JMA is Japanese Meterological Agency seismic intensity, MP is mean period (Rathje et al.2004), PGV is peak ground velocity, PGD is peak ground displacement and RSD is relative significant duration. For consistency with the rest of this report only empirical models are listed [Table 1 of Douglas (2012) included hybrid and simulation-based models as well as empirical GMPEs].

Table 7.1: Characteristics of GMPEs for AI, CAV, FSA, ISO, JMA, MP, PGV, PGD and RSD
4 vertical models
















Reference

Area

H

V

E

Mmin

Mmax

M scale

rmin

rmax

r scale

S

C

R

M

IM

















Esteva and Rosenblueth (1964)

W. USA

46*

-

U

U

U

U

15*

450*

rhypo

1

U

U

A

PGV

















Orphal and Lahoud (1974)

California

140

-

31

4.1

7.0

ML

15

350

rhypo

1

U

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Trifunac and Brady (1975a),Trifunac (1976a) & Trifunac and Brady (1976)

W. USA

181

181

57

3.8

7.7

Mostly ML

61*

4002*

repi

3

B

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Trifunac and Brady (1975b)

W. USA

188

188

48

3.8

7.7

Mostly ML

6*

400*

repi

3

B

O

A

AI, RSD

















Trifunac (1976b)

W. USA

182

182

46

3.8

7.7

Mostly ML

6*

400*

repi

3

B

O

A

FSA

















McGuire (1977)

W. USA

34

-

22

5.3

7.6

ML

14

125

rhypo

1

B

U

A

PGV, PGD

















Dobry et al. (1978)

W. USA

84

-

14

4.7

7.6

ML

0.1

130

rrup

2

B

1

A

RSD

















McGuire (1978a)

W. USA

70

-

17+*

4.5*

7.7

U3

11*

210*

rhypo

2

B

U

A

PGV, PGD

















McGuire (1978b)

W. USA

70

-

17+*

4.5*

7.7

U4

11*

210*

rhypo

1

B

U

A

FSA

















Sadigh et al. (1978a)

W. USA

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Trifunac and Lee (1978)

W. N. America

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

repi

3

U

U

A

FSA

















McGuire and Barnhard (1979)

W. USA

50

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

rrup (repi for some)

2

B

1

A

RSD

















Cornell et al. (1979)

W. USA

70

-

U

U

U

ML

U

U

rhypo

1

C

U

A

PGV, PGD, FSA

















Goto et al. (1981)

Japan

84

-

28

4.3*

7.8*

U5

11*

300*

repi

1, C

L

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Joyner and Boore (1981)

W. N. America

182

-

23

5.0

7.7

Mw (ML)

0.5

370

rjb

2

L

2

A

PGV

















Campbell (1984) & K.W. Campbell (1988)6

Worldwide

U

-

U

5

U

ML for M < 6.0 and Ms otherwise

U

<50

rseis

2

M

U

A (S, R)

PGV

















Joyner and Fumal (1984) and Joyner and Fumal (1985)

W. N. America

182

-

23

5.0

7.7

Mw (ML)

0.5

370

rjb

C

L

2

A

PGV

















Kamiyama (1984)

Japan

192

-

U

4.1

7.9

MJMA

10

310

repi

I

B

1

A

RSD

















Kawashima et al. (1984) & Kawashima et al. (1986)

Japan

197

-

90

5.0

7.9

MJMA

5*

550*

repi

3

R

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Trifunac and Lee (1985a)

W. N. America

438

438

104

U

U

U

U

U

rhypo

3, C

U

U

A

FSA

















Wilson and Keefer (1985)

W. USA

30

-

20

5.0

7.4

Mw

6

130

rjb

1

A

1

A

AI

















Jibson (1987)

W. USA

31

-

21

5.0

7.4

Mw

6

130

rjb

1

A

1

A

AI

















Gaull (1988)

S.W. W. Australia

25+

-

12+

2.6

6.9

ML

2.5

175

rhypo

1

U

O

A

PGV

















Hiehata et al. (1988)

3 sites in Tokyo

85

-

27*

4.2*

7.5*

MJMA

40*

400*

rhypo

1

B7

1

A

FSA

















Huo (1989)

W. USA & S. China

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

1

G

1

A

PGV

















Sewell (1989)

California + 7 other events

112

-

24

5.0

7.7

Mw (ML, Ms)

0.6

211

rjb (repi for some)

2

C

2

A

ISO

















Campbell (1990)

Unknown

U

-

U

U

U

ML for M < 6, Ms for M 6

U

U

rseis

1

U

U

A

PGV

















Niazi and Bozorgnia (1991)

SMART-1 array, Taiwan

236

234

12

3.6

7.8

ML (MD) for ML < 6.6, else Ms

3.18

119.78

rhypo

1

M

2W

A

PGV, PGD

















Kamiyama et al. (1992) & Kamiyama (1995)

Japan

357

-

82

4.1

7.9

MJMA

3.4

413.3

rhypo

I

B

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Theodulidis and Papazachos (1992)

Greece+16 foreign

105+169

-

36+4

4.5 (7.2)

7.0 (7.5)

Ms, Mw, MJMA

1 (48)

128 (236)

repi

2

B

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Midorikawa (1993a)

Japan

U

-

U

6.5

7.8

Mw

U

U

rrup

C

M

1

A

PGV

















Lee et al. (1995)

W. N. America

1926

1926

297

1.7

7.7

Usually ML for M 6.5 and Ms for M > 6.5

2

200+

rhypo

9, 3 × C

U

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Molas and Yamazaki (1995)

Japan

2166

-

387

4.1*

7.8*

MJMA

8*

1000*

rrup for 2 earthquakes, rhypo otherwise

I

L

O

A

PGV

















Abrahamson and Silva (1996)

California with some others

U

U

U

4.7

7.4

Mw

0.1

220*

rrup

2

G

1M

A

RSD

















Sabetta and Pugliese (1996)

Italy

95

95

17

4.6

6.8

Ms if ML & Ms 5.5 else ML

1.5, 1.5

179, 18010

Both rjb & repi

3

L

1

A

PGV, AI

















Singh et al. (1996)

Himalayas

86

-

5

5.7

7.2

mb

33.15

340.97

rhypo

1

U

1

A

PGV

















Atkinson and Silva (1997)

California

1000

-

43

4.4

7.4

Mw

1*

200*

rrup

2

G

O

A

FSA

















Campbell (1997), Campbell (2000), Campbell (2001) & Campbell and Bozorgnia (1994)

Worldwide

645

225

H:47, V:26

4.7

H:8.0, V:8.1

Mw

3

60

rseis

3

G

1

A(S,R,N)

PGV

















Gregor and Bolt (1997)

California

110

110

12

5.4

7.2

Mw

6*

200*

rslip

2

T, V

1

R, S

PGD

















Kayen and Mitchell (1997)

W. USA

66

-

U

U

U

Mw

1*

100*

rrup

3

G

1

A

AI

















Rathje et al. (1998)

California

306

-

20

5.7

7.3

Mw

0.5*

200*

rrup

2

O

1M

A

MP

















Rinaldis et al. (1998)

Italy & Greece

137*

-

24*

4.5

7

Ms or Mw

7

138

repi

2

U

O

A (N, ST)

PGV

















Sadigh and Egan (1998)

California with 4 foreign

960+4

-

119+2

3.8

7.4

Mw

0.1

30511

rrup for some, rhypo for small ones

2

G

U

A(R,SN)

PGV, PGD

















Sarma and Srbulov (1998)

Worldwide

69012

-

113

3.9

7.7

Ms (U)

0

197

rjb, repi

2

B

1

A

AI

















Somerville (1998)

15 mainly W. USA+12 simulated

27

-

13

6.2

7.5

Mw

0.1

10

rrup

1

N

1

A

PGV

















Theodulidis et al. (1998)

Kozani-Grevena (Greece)

23213

-

>23

3.1

6.6

Mw

1

140*

repi

1

B

O

A

PGV

















Chapman (1999)

W. N. America

304

-

23

5.0

7.7

Mw

0.1

189.4

rjb

3

G

2M

A

PGV

















Ólafsson and Sigbjörnsson (1999)

Iceland

8814

-

17

4.0

5.9

Mw

2

112

repi

1

B

1

A

RSD

















Alavi and Krawinkler (2000)

15 mainly W. USA+12 simulated

27

-

13

6.2

7.5

Mw

0.1

10

rrup

1

N

1

A

PGV

















Bommer et al. (2000)

Europe & Middle East

183

-

43

5.5

7.9

Ms

3

260

rjb

3

L

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Hernandez and Cotton (2000)

Italy & California

27215

-

40*

3.2

7.4

ML for M < 6, Ms otherwise

1

109

rrup

2

B

1

A

RSD

















Paciello et al. (2000)

Greece & Italy

115

-

18

4.5

U

Mw or Ms

U

U

repi

2

B

1

A (N)

PGV, PGD, AI

















Si and Midorikawa (1999, 2000)

Japan

856

-

21

5.8

8.3

Mw

0*

280*

Both rq & rrup

2

L

O

A

PGV

















Wu et al. (2001)

Taiwan

1941

-

60

4.8

7.6

Mw (ML)

0.05*

400*

rrup (repi for some)

1 & I

U

U

A

PGV

















Gregor et al. (2002a)

Shallow crustal worldwide (mainly California)

993

993

68

4.4

7.4

Mw

0.1

267.3

rrup

2

U

1M

A (S, R/O, T)

PGV, PGD

















Margaris et al. (2002b) & Margaris et al. (2002a)

Greece

744

-

142

4.5

7.0

Mw

1

150

repi

3

B

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Tromans and Bommer (2002)

Europe

249

-

51

5.5

7.9

Ms

1

359

rjb

3

L

2

A

PGV, PGD

















Zonno and Montaldo (2002)

Umbria-Marche

161

-

15

4.5

5.9

ML

2*

100*

repi

2

L

2

N, O

PGV, AI

















Boatwright et al. (2003)

N. California

4028

-

104

3.3

7.1

Mainly Mw, ML for some

1*

370*

rhypo

4

U

O

A

PGV

















Skarlatoudis et al. (2003)

Greece

1000

-

225

4.5

7.0

Mw (ML)

1.5*

150*

repi

2

U

O

A (N, ST)

PGV, PGD

















Travasarou et al. (2003)

Mainly W. USA

1208

-

75

4.7

7.6

Mw

0.1*

200*

rrup

3

A

1M

A (N, R)

AI

















Atkinson (2004)

SE Canada & NE USA

U

1700

186

2.1*

5.1*

m1

7*

2000*

rhypo

1

G

1M

A

FSA

















Bray and Rodriguez-Marek (2004)

Worldwide

54

-

13

6.1

7.6

Mw

0.1

17.6

rrup

2

N

1M

A

PGV

















Horike and Nishimura (2004)

Japan

U

-

U

U

U

MJMA

U

U

rhypo

U

U

1

A

PGV

















Hwang et al. (2004)

Chi-Chi (Taiwan)

22116

-

4

6.2

7.7

Mw

U

U

rjb

1

A

2M

A

AI

















Lin and Lee (2004)

Taiwan

U

-

41

U

U

U

U

U

rrup

1

U

1

A

AI

















Midorikawa and Ohtake (2004)

Japan

3335

-

33

5.5

8.3

Mw

0*

300*

rrup

2

L

1

A (C, B, F)

PGV

















Pankow and Pechmann (2004) and Pankow and Pechmann (2006)

Worldwide extensional regimes

142

-

39

5.1

7.2

Mw

0

99.4

rjb

2

G, O

1M

NS

PGV

















Rathje et al. (2004)

Worldwide shallow crustal

835

-

44

4.9

7.6

Mw

0.1*

200*

rrup

3

O

1M

A

MP

















Atkinson (2005)

Cascadia

-

U

U

2.5*

6.2*

m1

20*

600*

rhypo

1

G

1M

C, B, F

FSA

















Bragato and Slejko (2005)

E Alps (45.646.8N & 1214E)

1402

3168

240

2.5

6.3

ML

0

130

rjb & repi

1

R

O

A

PGV, AI, FSA

















Frisenda et al. (2005)

NW Italy

689917

-

>1152

0.0*

5.118

ML

0

30019

rhypo

2

B

1

A

PGV

















García et al. (2005)

Central Mexico

277

277

16

5.2

7.4

Mw

4*

400*

rrup for Mw > 6.5, rhypo otherwise

1

G20

1M

B

PGV

















Kostov (2005)

Europe & Middle East

967

-

U

4

7.8

Ms

2*

401*

rhypo

1

U

1

A

CAV

















Liu and Tsai (2005)

Taiwan

7907

7907

51

4.05

7.10

Mw (ML)

5*

300*

rhypo

1

M

2M

A

PGV

















McGarr and Fletcher (2005)

Central Utah coal-mining areas

72

-

12

0.98

4.2

Mw (MCL)

0.5*

10*

rhypo

2

L

2M

M

PGV

















Tselentis et al. (2005)

Greece

U

-

U

U

U

Mw

U

U

repi

U

A

1M

A

AI

















Wald et al. (2005)

California

U

-

U

U

5.3*

Mw

U

U

rjb

1

L

U

A

PGV

















Bindi et al. (2006)

Umbria-Marche

239

-

45

4.0

5.9

ML

1*

100*

repi & rhypo

4

L

1M

NS

PGV

















Gómez-Soberón et al. (2006)

Mexico

1983

-

109

4.5*

8.1*

Mw (Ms if M > 6, mb if M < 6)

5*

800*

rhypo (rrup for some)

1

U

2

F

PGD

















Hwang (2006)

Taiwan

U

-

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

1

A

AI

















Jaimes et al. (2006)

Ciudad Universitaria station, Mexico City

21

-

21

6.0

8.1

Mw

285

530

rrup

1

U

1B

F

FSA

















Kanno et al. (2006)

Japan+some foreign

3392+377 (shallow) & 8150 (deep)

-

73+10 & 111

5.0* (6.1) & 5.5*

8.2* (7.4) & 8.0*

Mw (MJMA)

1* (1.5*) & 30*

450* (350*) & 450*

rrup (rhypo for some)

C

R

2M

A

PGV

















Kataoka et al. (2006)

Japan

5160

-

47

4.8*

6.9*

Mw

1*

200*

U

1

U

U

C

PGV, JMA

















Kempton and Stewart (2006)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1559

-

73

5.0*

7.6*

Mw

0*

200*

rrup

C

G

1M

A

RSD

















Pousse et al. (2006)

Japan

939021

-

U

4.1

7.3

(Mw)

5*

250*

rhypo (rrup for some)

5

B

2M

A

AI, RSD

















Stafford (2006) & Stafford et al. (2006)

New Zealand + foreign

265–484

-

59–93

5*

7.4*

Mw

0.3*

300*

rrup

3

G

1M

A (S/N, R)

FSA

















Akkar and Bommer (2007b)

Europe & Middle East

532

-

131

5.0

7.6

Mw

0

99

rjb

3

G

1WM

A (N, S, R)

PGV

















Amiri et al. (2007a) & Amiri et al. (2007b)

Alborz and central Iran22

200*

200*

50*

4.5*

7.3*

Ms (mb)

5*

400*

rhypo

2

L

1

A

PGV

















Bindi et al. (2007)

NW Turkey

4047

4047

528

0.5

5.9

ML23

5*

200*

rhypo24

2

L

1M

A

PGV

















Boore and Atkinson (2007) & Boore and Atkinson (2008)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1574

-

58

4.2725

7.9026

Mw

0

28027

rjb

C

I50

2M

A (N, R, S, U)

PGV

















Campbell and Bozorgnia (2007), Campbell and Bozorgnia (2008b) & Campbell and Bozorgnia (2008a)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1561

-

64

4.2728

7.9029

Mw

0.07

199.27

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

PGV, PGD

















Danciu and Tselentis (2007a), Danciu and Tselentis (2007b) & Danciu (2006)

Greece

335

-

151

4.5

6.9

Mw

0*

136

repi

3

A

1M

A (ST, N)

PGV, PGD, AI

















Fukushima et al. (2007a)

Japan

8615

-

158

5.0

6.8

MJMA

18.1

448.4

rrup

1

V

1

A

PGV

















Mahdavifar et al. (2007)

Alborz and central Iran

22

-

19

U

U

U

U

U

rhyp

1

U

1

A

AI

















Abrahamson and Silva (2008) & Abrahamson and Silva (2009)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2754

-

135

4.2730

7.931

Mw

0.06*

200*

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

PGV

















Al-Qaryouti (2008)

Dead Sea area

26

-

19

4.0

6.2

ML

5.8

330.6

repi

1

L

2

A

PGV

















Chen (2008)

China, Taiwan and Japan

249

249

55

4.2

7.6

Mw (ML, Ms)

10 & 12

153 & 153

repi & rhypo

2

G & L

2

A

PGV

















Chiou and Youngs (2008)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1950

-

125

4.26532

7.9033

Mw

0.2*34

70*35

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S, HW, AS)

PGV

















Jin et al. (2008)

Fujian (China)

1974

1974

94

2.8

4.9

ML

13

462

repi

1

U

O

A

PGV

















Massa et al. (2008)

Northern Italy

306

306

82

3.5 & 4.0

6.3 & 6.5

Mw (ML) & ML

1*

100*

repi

3

L

1M

A

PGV, AI

















Mezcua et al. (2008)

Spain

250

-

149

3.1

5.3

Mw (mb(Lg))

5*

100*

rhypo

1

U

1

A

PGV

















Snćbjörnsson and Sigbjörnsson (2008)

Europe & Middle East

71

-

13

5.0*

7.6*

Mw

0*

100*

rjb

1

U

1

SS

RSD

















Bindi et al. (2009a)

Italy

241

241

27

4.8

6.9

Mw

0

190

rjb (repi for small)

3

L, G

1M

A (N, S, R)

PGV

















Bindi et al. (2009b)

Italy

235

-

27

4.6

6.9

Mw (ML)

0

183

rjb, repi

3

L

1M

A

PGV

















Bommer et al. (2009)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2406

-

114

4.8

7.9

Mw

1.5*

100*

rrup

C

B

O

A

RSD

















Lee (2009), Lee and Green (2008) & Lee and Green (2014)

W. USA36

324

324

49

5.0

7.6

Mw

0.1

199.1

rrup

2

A

1M

A

AI, MP, RSD

















Rupakhety and Sigbjörnsson (2009)

South Iceland+others

64+29

-

12

5.02

7.67

Mw

1

97

rjb (repi for some)

2

L

1

S/O

ISO

















Stafford et al. (2009)

New Zealand + foreign

144+241 & 144+200

-

23+41

5.08

7.51

Mw

0.07

300

rjb & rrup

3

L, O, G, A

1M

A (S/N, R)

AI

















Akkar and Bommer (2010)

Europe & Middle East

532

-

131

5.0

7.6

Mw

0

99

rjb

3

G

1M

A (N, S, R)

PGV

















Akkar and Çağnan (2010)

Turkey

433

-

137

5.0

7.6

Mw

0*

200*

rjb

C

G

1M

A (N, S, R)

PGV

















Amiri et al. (2009)

Alborz and central Iran37

416

-

189

3.238

7.7

Ms (mb)

5*

400*

rhypo

2

L

1M

A

AI

















Bindi et al. (2010)

Italy

561

561

107

4.0

6.9

Mw

1*

100*

rjb, repi

3

L

1M

A

PGV

















Bozorgnia et al. (2010)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1561

-

64

4.27

7.90

Mw

0.07

199.27

rrup

C

G

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

ISO

















Campbell and Bozorgnia (2011) & Campbell and Bozorgnia (2010a)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1561

-

64

4.27

7.90

Mw

0.07

199.27

rrup

C

G

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

JMA

















Campbell and Bozorgnia (2010b) & Campbell and Bozorgnia (2010a)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1561

-

64

4.27

7.90

Mw

0.07

199.27

rrup

C

G

1M

A (N, R, S, HW)

CAV

















Chiou et al. (2010)39

S & N California

15684

-

U

3*

6*

Mw

5*

200*

rrup

C

I50

1M

A (N, R, S, HW, AS)

PGV

















Iervolino et al. (2010)

Italy

95

-

17

4.6

6.8

Mw

1.5, 1.5

179, 180

rjb & repi

3

L

1

A

PGV, AI

















Rajabi et al. (2010)

Zagros, Iran

37

-

35

4.1

7.0

Mw

5

150

repi

1, 3 & 4

L

1

A

AI

















Boore and Atkinson (2007) & Boore and Atkinson (2008) modified by Atkinson and Boore (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1574

-

58

4.27

7.9040

Mw

0

28041

rjb

C

I50

2M

A (N, R, S, U)

PGV

















Alavi et al. (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2252

-

U

5.1*

7.9*

Mw

0.2*

350*

rrup

C

U

O

A (Rake)

PGV, PGD

















Anderson and Uchiyama (2011)

Guerrero, Mexico

293

293

27

5.05

7.96

Mw

10*

390*

rrup

1

M, V, V3

O

A

PGV, PGD

















De Luca et al. (2011) & De Luca (2011)

Italy

725

-

U

4.1

6.9

Mw

0

200

rjb

5

G

1M

A

ISO

















Emolo et al. (2011)

Campania-Lucania, Italy

875

-

123

1.5

3.2

ML

3

100*

rhypo

2

L

1

A

PGV

















Ghanat (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2690

-

129

4.8

7.9

Mw

0.2*

200*

rrup

C

G

1M

A

RSD

















Luzi et al. (2011)

Italy

U

-

U

4.0*

6.9*

Mw

0*

300*

rjb (repi for Mw < 5.5), rhypo

5

G

1M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Rupakhety et al. (2011)

Worldwide shallow crustal

93

-

29

5.56

7.6

Mw

0

74.16

rjb

1

N

1M

A

PGV

















Cui et al. (2012)

Sichuan-Yunnan (China)

962

-

>21

4.5

6.5

Ms

0*

110*

repi

2

G

1, 1W

A

PGV

















Foulser-Piggott and Stafford (2012)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2406

-

114

4.79

7.9

Mw

0.07

100

rrup

C

A

1M

A (S/N, R)

AI

















Gómez-Bernal et al. (2012)

Mexico

607

607

1742

6.0

8.1

Mw

20*

600*

rrup

1

L

2

A (F, B, C)

PGV, AI

















Lee et al. (2012)

Taiwan

6570

-

62

3.93

7.62

Mw

0.3

205

rrup

C

A

1M

A (S, N, R)

AI

















Mohammadnejad et al. (2012)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2252

-

U

5.2

7.9

Mw

0.07

366.03

rrup

C

I50

O

A (R, S, N)

PGV, PGD

















Nguyen et al. (2012)

Northern Vietnam

330

-

53

1.6

4.6

ML

5*

500*

repi

1

L3

1

A

PGV

















Saffari et al. (2012)

Iran

351

-

78

5.0

7.4

Mw

4

190*

rrup (rhypo for Mw < 6.5)

3

U

2M

A

PGV

















Abrahamson et al. (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

15750

-

326

3

7.943

Mw

0

300

rrup + others for HW

C

D50

1M

A (S, N, R, HW)

PGV

















Boore et al. (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

15000*

-

350*

3.0

7.944

Mw

0

400

rjb

C

D50

2M

A (S, N, R, U)

PGV

















Campbell and Bozorgnia (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

15521

-

322

3.045

7.946

Mw

0*

300*

rrup

C

D50

1M

A (S, R, N, HW)

PGV

















Chiou and Youngs (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

12244

-

300

3.1*47

7.9*48

Mw

0.3*

400*49

rrup

C

D50

1M

A (S, R, N, HW)

PGV

















Douglas et al. (2013)

Mainly geothermally-related

3968

-

535

1*

4*

Mw (ML, MD)

0*

20*

rhypo

1

G

1M

G

PGV

















Du and Wang (2013)

Worldwide shallow crustal

1390

-

62

4.26

7.9

Mw

0.07

200

rrup

3

G

1M

A (N, R, S)

CAV

















Idriss (2013, 2014)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2353

-

151

4.550

7.951

Mw

0.2

175

rrup

C

D50

1

A

PGV

















Morikawa and Fujiwara (2013)

Japan

21681

-

333

5.5

9.0

Mw

1*

200

rrup

C

V

2W

A (C, B, F)

PGV

















Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (2013)

Worldwide shallow crustal

-

Mw

4 vertical models

C

V

1M

A (N, S, R, HW)

PGV

















Segou and Voulgaris (2013)

Europe & Middle East

327

-

164

4.1

6.6

Mw (mb)

1*

150*

repi

3

I50

O

A (S, R, N)

PGV

















Sharma et al. (2013)

Geysers, N. California

5451

-

212

1.3

3.3

Mw (MD)

0.5

20

rhypo

3

L

1M

G

PGV

















Skarlatoudis et al. (2013)

Hellenic Arc (Greece)

743

-

21

4.4

6.7

Mw (mb, ML)

65*

850*

rhyp

3

D50

1M

F, B

PGV

















Villalobos-Escobar and Castro (2013)

Medellěn and Aburrŕ Valley (Colombia)

596

-

17

2.8

6.5

ML

10*

290

repi

I

U

1M

A

PGV

















Akkar et al. (2014a,b)

Europe & Middle East

1041

-

221

4.0

7.652

Mw

0

200

rjb, repi & rhypo

C

G

1M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Ansary (2014)

Himalaya, India

R: 229, S: 187

-

150*

2.5*

7.8

U

2*

2000*

rhyp

2

U

1

A

PGV, PGD

















Bindi et al. (2014a,b)

Europe & Middle East

1224, 2126

-

225, 365

4.0

7.6

Mw

0

300

rjb (repi for Mw 5 and repi 10) & rhypo

C, 4

G

1M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Bora et al. (2014)

Europe & Middle East

1232

-

369

4.0

7.6

Mw

0*

200*

rjb

C

G

1M

A

FSA

















Chousianitis et al. (2014)

Greece

13353

-

37

3.2

6.7

Mw

1

195

repi

4

L

2M

A (S/T, N)

AI

















Derras et al. (2014)

Europe & Middle East

1088

-

320

3.654

7.655

Mw

156

54757

rjb

C

G

O

A

PGV

















Foulser-Piggott and Goda (2014)

Japan

13703

-

158

5.5

9.0

Mw

2*

300*

rrup

C

G

1M

A (B)

AI, CAV

















Ghofrani and Atkinson (2014)

Japan

> 1000

-

6

7.0

9.0

Mw

30*

1000*

rrup

C

G

O

F

PGV

















Rodríguez-Pérez (2014)

Cen. and S. Mexico

75 (F), 121 (B)

-

8 F, 25 B

5.1 (F), 5.0 (B)

8.0 (F), 7.2 (B)

Mw

50* (F), 70* (B)

580* (F), 540* (B)

rrup (rhypo for Mw < 6.5)

1

G

1M

F, B

PGV

















Yaghmaei-Sabegh et al. (2014)

Iran

286

-

141

3.7

7.7

Mw

0.6

294

rrup

4

G

1

A

RSD

















Atkinson (2015)

California

U

-

U

3*

6*

Mw

2*

40

rhypo

1

G

1M

A

PGV

















Bora et al. (2015)

Europe & Middle East

1232

-

369

4.0

7.6

Mw

0*

200*

rjb

C

G

1M

A

FSA

















Bozorgnia and Campbell (2016)

Worldwide shallow crustal

-

15161

321

3.058

7.959

Mw

0*

500*60

rrup

C

V

1M

A (R, S, N)

PGV

















Cauzzi et al. (2015b)

Worldwide shallow active crustal

1880

-

98

4.5

7.9

Mw

0*

150*

rrup (rhypo for Mw 5.7)

C

G

2M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Emolo et al. (2015)

South Korea

11129

-

222

2.0

4.9

ML

1.4

600*

repi

I

L

1M

A

PGV, PGD

















Foulser-Piggott and Goda (2015)

Japan

68567

-

661

5.0

9.0

Mw

2*

300*

rrup

C

G

1M

A (R, S, N, F, B)

AI, CAV

















Galluzzo et al. (2016)

Campi Flegrei, Italy

120*

-

20

0.8

2.4

Mw

1*

12

rhypo

1

L

1

A

PGV

















Jaimes et al. (2015)

Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City61

22

-

22

5.2

7.4

Mw

103

464

rrup for Mw > 6.5, rhypo for Mw 6.5

1

G

1B

B

PGV

















Kale et al. (2015)

Turkey & Iran

1198

-

313

4

7.662

Mw

0

200

rjb

C

G

1MW

A (S, N, R)

PGV

















Kuehn and Scherbaum (2015)

Europe & Middle East

835

-

279

4.0

7.6

Mw

0

200

rjb

C

G

O

A (R, N, S)

PGV

















Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (2015) — Al Noman and Cramer

Cen. and E. N. America + foreign

606163

-

7864

2.5

7.665

Mw

1*

2000*

rrup

C

D50

2M

A (R, S, U)

PGV

















Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (2015) — Graizer

Cen. and E. USA

5026

-

48

3.7566

6.867

Mw

468

1000*

rrup

C

D50

O

A

PGV

















Stewart et al. (2016)

Worldwide shallow crustal

-

17089

U

3

7.969

Mw

0

300

rjb

C

V

2M

A (R, S, N, U)

PGV

















Yaghmaei-Sabegh (2015)

Iran

575

-

40

3.7

7.7

Mw

0.7

293

rjb

3

O

1

A

MP

















Afshari and Stewart (2016)

Worldwide shallow crustal

11195

-

3.0

7.9

Mw

0*

300*

rrup

C

G

1M

A (R, S, N, U)

RSD

















Ibrahim et al. (2016)

Japan

409

-

20

6.0

9.1

Mw

10* & 10*

300* & 550*

rrup & rq

1

V

2

A (C, F, B)

PGV, PGD

















Kaveh et al. (2016)

Worldwide shallow crustal

2252

-

U

5.2

7.9

Mw

0.07

360

rrup

C

U

O

A

PGV, PGD

















Kotha et al. (2016a,b)

Europe & Middle East

1251

-

U

4

7.6

Mw

0*

300*70

rjb (repi for some Mw 5)

C

G

O

A

PGV

















Lanzano et al. (2016)

Po Plain & NE Italy

2489

-

94

4.0

6.4

Mw

0*

200*

rjb

5

G

1M

A (R, N, U)

PGV

















Lee et al. (2016a)

Serbia (Vrancea events)

91

91

4

6.4

7.4

Mw

84.7

554.2

rhypo

1

B

1

A

FSA

















Nekooei and Babaei (2016)

Iran

484

-

25

4.5

7.4

Mw

1

149

rrup

C

L, G

1

A

PGV

















Shoushtari et al. (2016)

Malaysia, Japan and Iran

531

-

13

5.0

7.7

Mw

120*

1400*

rhypo

4

G

1

B

PGV

















Tusa and Langer (2016)

Mount Etna, Italy

1158 (shallow), 1957 (deep)

1158 (shallow), 1957 (deep)

38 (shallow), 53 (deep)

3.0

4.3 (shallow), 4.8 (deep)

ML

0.5

100

repi

3

G, V

1

A

PGV

















Çağnan et al. (2017)

Europe & Middle East

-

1041

221

4.0

7.6

Mw

0

200

rjb

C

V

1M

A (S, N, R)

PGV

































1Note only valid for R 20km

2Note only valid for R 200km

3Idriss (1978) finds magnitudes to be mixture of ML, mb and Ms.

4Idriss (1978) finds magnitudes to be mixture of ML, mb and Ms.

5Probably MJMA

6Reported in Joyner and Boore (1988).

7Does not need to be multiplied by two.

8Distance to centre of array

9Total number of components does not need to be multiplied by two

10State equations should not be used for distances > 100km

11Equations stated to be for distances up to 100km.

12Total number of components do not need to be multiplied by two.

13Total number of components do not need to be multiplied by two.

14Total number of components do not need to be multiplied by two.

15Total number of components do not need to be multiplied by two.

16Three other equations for site classes B, D and E.

17Authors state in text that ‘more than 14 000’ values were used but their Table 1 gives 2 × 6899.

18State equations valid to 4.5.

19State equations valid up to 200km.

20Call it ‘quadratic mean’, which is assumed to be geometric mean.

21Does not need to be multiplied by two.

22Also develop models for the Zagros region of Iran using about 100 records.

23Also derive model using Mw.

24Also derive model using repi.

25Recommend that model is not extrapolated below 5 due to lack of data.

26Believe that model can be used to 8.0.

27Recommend that model is not used for distances 200km.

28Believe that model can be extrapolated down to 4.0.

29Believe that model can be extrapolated up to 8.5 for strike-slip faulting and 8.0 for reverse faulting.

30Recommend that model is not extrapolated below 5 due to lack of data.

31Believe that model can be reliably extrapolated to 8.5.

32Believe that model can be extrapolated down to 4.0.

33Believe that model can be extrapolated up to 8.5 for strike-slip faulting and 8.0 for reverse faulting.

34Believe that model valid to 0km.

35Believe that model valid to 200km.

36Also model for Central USA using 14 records and 296 scaled records

37Also develop models for the Zagros region of Iran using 309 records from 190 earthquakes.

38State that only use data with Ms 4 but one earthquake in their Appendix A has Ms3.2.

39Adjustment of GMPE of Chiou and Youngs (2008) for Mw < 6

40Believe that model can be used to 8.0.

41Recommend that model is not used for distances 200km.

42Taken from their Table 3.1. Elsewhere in the article the total is given as 23 and 25.

43State model applicable up to 8.5.

44State model applicable up to Mw8.5 for strike-slip and reverse and Mw7 for normal earthquakes.

45State model applicable for Mw 3.3 in California and Mw 5.5 globally.

46State model applicable to Mw8.5 for strike-slip, Mw8 for reverse/reverse-oblique and Mw7.5 for normal/normal-oblique.

47State applicable for Mw 3.5.

48State applicable for Mw 8.5 for strike-slip and Mw 8 for reverse and normal earthquakes.

49State applicable up to 300km

50Recommends model for Mw 5.

51Recommends model up to Mw8.

52Believe model can be used up to Mw8.

53Use an additional 60 records to validate model.

54Recommend never using model below 4.

55Recommend never using model above 7.

56Recommend never using model for rjb < 5.

57Recommend never using model for rjb > 200.

58Believe applicable down to 3.3 for California and down to 5.5 globally.

59Believe valid to 8.5 for strike-slip, 8.0 for reverse and 7.5 for normal.

60Believe applicable to 300km.

61Also derive models for two other sites (SCT and CDAO) in Mexico City.

62Recommend model up to Mw8

63Also use 1921 macroseismic intensities.

64Macroseismic intensities from 6 events.

657.7 by including macroseismic data.

66Recommends use down to 4.0.

67Believes applies up to 8.2.

68Believes applies down to 0km.

69Recommend model for use up to 8.0 for strike-slip and reverse and 7.0 for normal earthquakes.

70Recommend model up to 200km